One of the ways those of us with ASD differ from NT’s is our cognition. Cognition is defined as the mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment. Or simply, cognition means thinking.
A common cognitive trait of ASD is that we have issues with moving items from short term to long term memory. This makes us forgetful of many things which is why so many of us utilize lists in our daily lives to keep track of of what needs to be completed. The flip side of this is that once something has made it into long term memory, we will most likely never forget it. (for every skill gap, there is a strength)
Logic & Reasoning
Anther common trait is that we tend to be highly logical and literal in our thought process. Which is why many of us struggle with things like sarcasm and idioms, but excel in problem solving and identifying patterns. We typically “think outside the box” and find solutions to problems that others are incapable of finding, or even finding problems that no one else can see.